Florence (already Florentia in Florence) is a town of 550,000 inhabitants, capital of the province and the region of Tuscany in Italy.
Capital of Italy for a short time after the unification of Italy (1865-1871) and long under the rule of the Medici family (1434-1494, 1512-1527 and 1530-1737), Florence was in medieval Europe a important commercial and financial center.
Florence is considered the birthplace of the Renaissance and is known throughout the world to be, in many respects, one of the cradles of art and architecture, with its many rich museums (including the Uffizi Gallery, the Palatine Gallery, the Bargello and the museums Pitti Palace).
Florence is located in the center of Italy, surrounded on three sides by the clay hills of Careggi (north), Fiesole (north-east) Settignano (east), Arcetri, Poggio Imperiale and Bellosguardo (to the south).
Florence and ‘the most important center of Tuscany in terms of commercial and administrative, one of the most beautiful cities of Italy.
Florence, the ancient Florentia, the city that is blooming, has always been a capital of art from the age of the Medici with the likes of Brunelleschi, Leonardo da Vinci and Botticelli: here began humanism that spread across Europe .
They still feel the traces of the atmosphere Florentine renaissance: just a ride through the town center. Florence is today as a century ago, one of the most popular tourist destinations and favorite from all the monuments, museums and architecture and for its unique atmosphere that make it perhaps the most beautiful city in the world.
The Ponte Vecchio is one of the symbols of the city of Florence and one of the most famous bridges in the world.
The shops of Ponte Vecchio are all facing the aisle, each with a single window closed by thick wooden doors, and often have a back room built cantilevered over the river and supported by brackets (or “extruded”).
The enormous cathedral of Florence is among the most important architectural works of the period between Gothic and Renaissance, and one of the largest and most beautiful cathedrals in Europe. It was begun, on behalf of the Signoria, the architect Arnolfo di Cambio in 1296 on the site of the ancient cathedral of Santa Reparata. The Arte della Lana, who had been appointed to oversee the construction, in 1334 entrusted the direction of the work of Giotto and after 1350 to Francesco Talenti, who was responsible for a new project that partially altered the Arnolfo. After that by 1364 they had been completed the first three bays, in 1378-80 was made the cover of the nave and aisles. The problem of the construction of the dome was solved after long debates by Brunelleschi, who, beginning in 1418, rose to the role of first Renaissance architect.